新托福范文:Bacteria


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  新托福写作考试想拿到高分非常不容易,但是参加新托福写作考试的同学都想要拿到高分,那么研究一两篇优秀范文,可以让我们了解新托福写作的高分要素。

范文的题目是:Bacteria。

Bacteria are extremely small living things. While we measure our own sizes in inches or centimeters, bacterial size is measured in microns. One micron is a thousandth of a millimeter: a pinhead is about a millimeter across. Rod-shaped bacteria are usually from two to four microns long, while rounded ones are generally one micron in diameter. Thus if you enlarged a rounded bacterium a thousand times, it would be just about the size of a pinhead. An adult human magnified by the same amount would be over a mile (1.6 kilometer) tall.

Even with an ordinary microscope, you must look closely to see bacteria. Using a magnification of 100 times, one finds that bacteria are barely visible as tiny rods or dots. One cannot make out anything of their structure. Using special stains, one can see that some bacteria have attached to them wavy-looking “hairs” called flagella. Others have only one flagellum. The flagella rotate, pushing the bacteria through the water. Many bacteria lack flagella and cannot move about by their own power, while others can glide along over surfaces by some little- understood mechanism.

From the bacteria point of view, the world is a very different place from what it is to humans. To a bacterium water is as thick as molasses is to us. Bacteria are so small that they are influenced by the movements of the chemical molecules around them. Bacteria under the microscope, even those with no flagella, often bounce about in the water. This is because they collide with the watery molecules and are pushed this way and that. Molecules move so rapidly that within a tenth of a second the molecules round a bacteria have all been replaced by new ones; even bacteria without flagella are thus constantly exposed to a changing environment.


辛达小编找到的是作者的一些见解,希望可以为考生们寻找到最好得分方式。这些资料大家可以作为参考吸收到自己的经验谈之中,适合自己的方法就是最好的方法,希望对大家有所帮助。

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