托福范文欣赏:Archaeology


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新托福写作考试想拿到高分非常不容易,但是参加新托福写作考试的同学都想要拿到高分,那么研究一两篇优秀范文,可以让我们了解新托福写作的高分要素。

Archaeology is a source of history, not just a bumble auxiliary discipline. Archaeological data are historical documents in their own right, not mere illustrations to written texts, Just as much as any other historian, an archaeologist studies and tries to reconstitute the process that has created the human world in which we live - and us ourselves in so far as we are each creatures of our age and social environment. Archaeological data are all changes in the material world resulting from human action or, more succinctly, the fossilized results of human behavior. The sum total of these constitutes what may be called the archaeological record. This record exhibits certain peculiarities and deficiencies the consequences of which produce a rather superficial contrast between archaeological history and the more familiar kind based upon written records.

Not all human behavior fossilizes. The words I utter and you hear as vibrations in the air are certainly human changes in the material world and may be of great historical significance. Yet they leave no sort of trace in the archaeological records unless they are captured by a Dictaphone or written down by a clerk. The movement of troops on the battlefield may "change the course of history," but this is equally ephemeral from the archaeologist’s standpoint. What are perhaps worse, most organic materials are perishable. Everything made of wood, hide, wool, linen, grass, hair, and similar materials will decay and vanish in dust in a few years or centuries, save under very exceptional conditions. In a relatively brief period the archaeological record is reduce to mere scraps of stone, bone, glass, metal, and earthenware. Still modern archaeology, by applying appropriate techniques and comparative methods, aided by a few lucky finds from peat-bogs, deserts, and frozen soils, is able to fill up a good deal of the gap.

小编不建议大家死记范文,考试时如果遇到类似题目照搬上去,这并不能考察考生的写作能力。新托福考试写作多背一些范文,可以积累一些素材,像好的短语、词、句等,灵活运用。


辛达小编找到的是作者的一些见解,希望可以为考生们寻找到最好得分方式。这些资料大家可以作为参考吸收到自己的经验谈之中,适合自己的方法就是最好的方法,希望对大家有所帮助。

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