托福写作提升表达水平的方法


辛达托福代报考位提醒:到2020年11月22日官网没有释放考位,在此提醒广大考生抓紧时间报名,如果暂时没有考位的话可以提交给我们代报,广大考生注意考试时间.


  托福写作中考生需求关注语法问题,很多同学写出来的语句尽管能够读得懂,但其实在native speaker看来都是相当别扭的,一看就是chinglish的感觉。而想要写出地道的语句,大家就需求在语法方面多下功夫。下面辛达托福代报就为大家供给一些托福写作语法挑选恰当表达方式的改写实例。


  托福写作语法表达改写实例剖析

  挑选适宜的语法结构能够使语句意思的表达更为精确和简练。尽管语法的多样性也很重要,但挑选最恰当的语法结构仍然是更为重要的考虑要素。以下,辛达托福代报引荐几种考生们在考虑挑选何种语法结构时能够参阅的原则:

  1.一个语句的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映语句中的最重要的意思。例如:

  The situation that resulted in my grandfather’s not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm.

  从意思上来剖析,上面这句话需求表达的重要的概念是“grandfather’s not being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能着重需求表达的要点概念,能够改为下面这句话:

  My grandfather couldn’t study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.

  2.避免频繁使用“there be”结构,例如下面的语句:

  There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day.It was hard work for my grandfather.

  能够改为:My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day.

  更简练的句式为:

  My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.

  3.把从句改为短语或单词。例如:

  Dairy cows were raised on the farm, which was located 100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote.

  简介的表达方式为:

  The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers to the nearest university.

  4.仅在需求着重宾语而不是主语的时候,才使用被动语态。例如:

  In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather’s family.

  本句不够简练的原因是本句的重心应该是“繁忙的家庭-my grandfather’s

  family”,而使用了被动语态后,仿佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是自动语态,相对来说更简练一些:

  In the fall, my grandfather’s family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay.

  5.用更为精确的一个动词来替代动词短语,例如下面这句话:

  My grandfather didn’t have time to stand around doing nothing with his school friends.

  Stand around doing nothing其实能够用一个动词来表达,即loiter:My grandfather didn’t have time to loiter with his school friends.

  6.有时两句话的信息经过组合彻底能够用一句话来简练地表达,例如:

  Profits from the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a university degree.

  两句话的信息能够合并为下面这句更为简练的语句:

  Profits from the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses,let alone pay for a university degree.

  上述这些托福写作中语法改写的实际案例,不知道大家有没有看懂呢?学会更恰当的表达方式,你的作文得分就能有所提升了。最后辛达托福代报在此预祝各位考生都能取得理想的成绩