1. here、 there、 now、 then等副词引导的句子通常称作把时刻状语、地址状语提前的倒装句，其谓语动词通常跟在时刻or地址状语之后。
A controversy whether starting school day early is a better choice appears then.
Then appears a controversy whether starting school day early is a better choice.
In the urban cities, an increasing number of ambitious youngsters who attempt to earn a better living live there.
In the urban cities, there live an increasing number of ambitious youngsters who attempt to earn a better living.
2. 为了使描述的现象更生动，常把拟声词或away、 in、out、 up、 down等状语放在句首从而引起主谓悉数倒装。
Down it fell from the apple tree.
The door opened, in rush the crowed.
Up went the arrow
总结1,2： here、 there/now、 then/in、out/up、 down/ away + 谓语动词 + 主语
3. 句首状语是表明地址的介词词组时，也彻底倒装: 地址状语+谓语+主语
Many factories lie in urban cities.
In urban cities lie many factories.
Students in a grow ing number study in America, for advanced educational system and diversified culture.
In America study students in a growing number, for advanced educational system and diversified culture.
More citizens choose to live in a small town when they grow older.
In a small town choose to live more citizens, when they grow older.
Many more young people stay at home for relaxation.
At home stay many young people for relaxation.
4. 表语 放在句首，倒装结构采用：“表语+ 系动词 + 主语”
College students are anxious about their fu ture career develo pment, leading them to take various different part-time jobs with the hoping to cultivate techniques as many as possible.
Anxious about their future career development are college stud ents, leading them to take various different part-time jobs with the hoping to cultivate techniques as many as possible.
The dramatic change is taking place in China.
Taking place in China is the dramatic change.
The phenomena that many kids aging from 7 to 12 years old cannot attend primary schools are gone.
Gone are the phenomena that many kids aging from 7 to 12 years old cannot attend prim ary schools.
Both developing and developed countries are confr onted with an unprecedented economic crisis.
Confronted with an unprecedented economic crisis are both develop ing and developed countries.
The quality of infrastructure facilities in current schools is experien cing a huge improvement
Experiencing a huge improvement is the quality of infrastructure facilities in current universities.
Traditional enterprises of gradual dilapidation is involved in the market of fierce competition
Involved in the market of fierce compe tition is traditional enterprises of gradual dilapidation.
3)介词 + 系动词 + 主语：
The fatigue and distraction caused by inade quate sleep are among the main contributors to traffic accidents.
Among the main contributors to traffic accidents are the fatigue and distraction caused by inadequate sleep.
Increasing teachers’ salaries is one of the most indispensable methods to facilitate the improvement of teaching efficiency.
Among the most indispensable methods to facilitate the improvement of teaching efficiency is increasing teachers’ salaries.